September 11-16, 1860
Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi
The first track of the next Louisiana
hurricane, number 4, September 11 to 16, starts
west of the southern tip of Florida. It traveled
West North West then made a northward turn. It
crossed the Louisiana coast slightly east of the
same place as the
It headed North North East where it dissipated
over west central Alabama. This was a category 2
The Daily Picayune
Sunday morning, September 16, 1860
The Gale Yesterday
As we surmised, the storm yesterday was very
severely felt on the lakes. We have personally
inspected the damage down at Milneburg, lake end
of the Pontchartrain railroad, and had occasion
to see a most fearful spectacle. The wind blowed
first from the northwest and subsequently from
the north; this brought the waves dashing
directly against the wharf, with such violence
as to cause much damage.
The waves washed over the long wharf, leaving
there logs and timbers which completely
obstructed the railroad track. The passenger
wharf or foot path was completely broken up and
ruined. The skiffs and small crafts moored on
either side of the wharf were knocked about a
great deal; a good number of them were stove or
stranded. The wharves leading to the bath houses
were washed away, and some of those buildings
were badly damaged. The trees in front of the
hotel were nearly all uprooted or broken down,
and the private wharves of the various hotels
near the lake shore were broken up.
A small schooner ran into the wharf and had
her bow stove in, the three men on board of her
barely having time to jump ashore, but she
finally rode out the storm.
The Pamlico, due yesterday morning at
11 o’clock, did not arrive. It is hoped that
feeling the storm before she left Covington,
had the prudence to remain in the bayou.
The mail boat Oregon went out in the
gale, Capt. Baker
feeling safer outside than alongside the wharf.
The Alabama stuck to her post, and it was
supposed would be able to leave this evening.
We have to record the loss of one life under
circumstances highly creditable to the
unfortunate deceased. A small fishing smack with
a young lad some 16 years old capsized at a
distance of 200 years from the wharf. And the
lad clung desperately to the keel. A French
fisherman named Henry
LeBreton called out for men of good
will to follow him, and jumped into a boat.
Three other followed his example. They reached
the capsized boat and made fast to it with their
grapnel. LeBreton immediately jumped overboard,
and catching hold of the lad, transferred him to
his boat. Just then the grapnel broke loose, and
the angry waves lifted the boat far off from the
smack. The men attempted to come back, but found
it difficult work. LeBreton, who was a good
swimmer, caught hold of the keel of the capsized
boat, and cried out to the men to take the young
lad safe ashore and try to come back for him, as
they were too much crowded. The other men obeyed
and got the lad safe ashore, but when they
attempted to come back they found it impossible.
LeBreton, apparently unconcerned, remained
sitting astride of the capsized boat. He did not
seem to realize the dangers of his situation.
Four different boats attempted to leave the
shore, but every attempt proved fruitless, they
were capsized in the surf or thrown back on the
beach. For two hours poor LeBreton could be seen
on the upturned boat, but strange to say,
although an expert swimmer, he never thought of
trying to make the shore, which he would have
easily reached, even with the strong sea, the
wind blowing directly to the land. At last he
disappeared, washed away by a huge wage, and was
seen no more.
The damage at the lake is principally upon
what had not been destroyed by the storm of the
11th of August. The repairs made since that time
stood the storm perfectly. It is considered that
this gale was a strong as that of the 11th of
August, although it did not last as long. But
August the swamps were nearly dry, and the water
from the lake found a natural outlet; whereas,
yesterday, the swamps being full, the water rose
in the streets of Milneburg and covered the
railroad track to some distance.
The Daily Picayune
Monday, September 17, 1860; The same article
appeared in the Tuesday afternoon edition.
The Gale Last Saturday
Fearful Effects on Lake and River
Several Lives Lost
The Town of Biloxi a Heap of Ruins
Nearly Every House at the Balize Blown Down
The news that come to us from every quarter
represents the effects of the gale of last
Saturday as even more terrible than had been
surmised. The destruction of property known thus
far is even greater than that by the storm of
the 11th of August, and although we have not
heard of as many lives lost, we fear that we
will have to deplore many more when our returns
We gave yesterday a report of the damage done at
Milneburg. The Pamilco, due last
Saturday, only came in yesterday morning at 10
o’clock. She was at Mandeville on Saturday
morning, at 7 o’clock, with her passengers
already on board, but
Capt. Hoffman foreseeing the terrible
storm that was brewing, would not leave, and
waited at the wharf in hopes of a favorable
change. About 10 o’clock it blew so strong that
the passengers were put ashore, and the boat ran
back to Lewisburg, where she could get better
shelter. She returned to Mandeville yesterday
morning early, and arrived safely as stated.
On that part of the lake coast, the storm was
strongly felt, but no damage was suffered.
The Oregon, which left for Mobile at 1
o’clock, in the midst of the storm, got into the
Rigolets, where she weathered it, and is
The Alabama left her wharf on Saturday
afternoon, with many passengers; among others,
Washington Fire Company No. 20, on a pleasure
She returned this morning at 4 ½ o’clock.
report is a tale of frightful disasters. He
states that on the whole lake coast there is not
a wharf or bath house left standing. The
villages had not suffered much, but the town of
Biloxi is a mass of ruins. “Look at the unseemly
pile of ruins left by the late fire in Royal
street, from Customhouse to Bienville street,”
says an eye-witness, “and you will form an idea
of the appearance of Biloxi, as seen from on
board the Alabama.”
The long wharf was covered by nine feet of
water, and, in fact, the approach to the late
beautiful little town was a mass of water,
strewn with pieces of timber and furniture. This
gale was considered far worse than the fearful
storm of 1855.
We only hear of one loss of life at Biloxi, that
of a man killed by the falling of
We could not learn his name. The Alabama
picked up seven men from the schooner Oregon,
completely worn out. The schooner is a complete
The Balize and the Passes
The towboat Junius Beebe,
came up yesterday and brings another fearful
account from the Balize and the Passes.
The gale was felt there on Friday night.
Nearly every house at the Balize was blown down.
the well-known pilot of the New York and Havana
steam packet ships, together with a Balize pilot
whose name we did not learn, were in
coffeehouse, at Pass-a-l’Outre, were washed away
and drowned. Mr. Osgood’s coffeehouse and
residence were blown and washed away.
Mrs. Osgood and
her children drifted out on a bed, which got
caught in the limbs of a small willow tree;
there they remained until Saturday morning, when
they were rescued from their perilous situation.
A really providential escape.
The only buildings left standing at Pass a
l’Outre, are the Pilot Boat Association house,
house and the telegraph station.
The ship Galena,
Capt Lowry, hence for New York,
12th inst., was blown ashore inside the Pass,
and lies in seven feet water at her bows, and
four at her stern, she drawing seventeen feet.
The ship Sheffield,
hence for Leghorn, was driven ashore, and lies
on her beam ends. She has five feet of water in
Capts. Lowry and
Richardson came up to town to get
assistance, and the ships will probably be got
off today and brought back to the city.
The Galena was cleared by
A. Cohen. Her cargo consists of 1400
bales of cotton, 224 hhds, 51 bales and 52 half
bales tobacco, 156 bales rope cuttings, 47 bales
skins, 64 moss, 1886 hides, 46 pieces wood, and
194 packages merchandise.
The cargo of the Sheffield, cleared by
Cammack & Converse,
consisted of 650 hhds tobacco and 16,800 staves.
A schooner Isaac Toucey,
hence for Gracias A Dios, Honduras, cleared by
Goldenbow & Lesparre,
was blown ashore, and lies high and dry in the
marsh; together with the brig West Indian,
for St. Pierre, Martinique.
of the schooner Isaac Toucey, hence for
Honduras, reports that on Friday morning last,
as he was near Pass-a-l’Outre, bound out, the
wind commenced to blow from the northeast, which
shortly increased to a violent gale. The
schooner was riding at sixty fathoms on one
chain, and forty-five fathoms on the other. At 7
o’clock next morning, the wind shifted and
vessel commence to drag, and narrowly escaped
running foul of ship Galena, which was at
the time ashore. Both chains having given way,
vessel went ashore and worked herself up into
four feet of water, where she now lies. He came
to town this morning to procure assistance.
Capt. Hanson also reports that the brig West
Indian went ashore at half past 4 the same
morning. She was subsequently towed into the
river yesterday morning by the towboat Ivy.
The West Indian subsequently went to sea.
The steamship Galveston was slightly
damaged by a collision with the Sheffield,
and went ashore. The towboats St. Charles
and Ocean were also driven ashore;
also, the brig Leghorn, in ballast.
The ship J. Webster Clark,
master, hence for Liverpool, went to sea
The pilot boat Cornelian went ashore,
and was badly damaged by collision with the
Besides Capt. Kinney,
we hear of the loss of a son of
and John Ackerman,
son of one of the Balize pilots. Several
fishermen are also reported as lost.
The following report, by
Mr. J. T. Holmes, of Algiers, who was
at Pass-a-l’Outre through the whole gale, will
be found interesting:
One of the worst storms experienced for many
years visited us on the 14th and 15th inst. It
was accompanied with large hailstones and heavy
rain. It commenced on Friday evening, the 14th,
and continued until Saturday, at 11 o’clock A.M.
The water rose this time six feet or more above
high water mark and washed away nine houses,
besides three look-out houses, with boats and
There were four towboats blown ashore but
two, namely, the Junius Beebe and Ivy,
got off before the water fell; the other two,
the St. Charles and the Ocean, are
at present lying high and dry. A ship is ashore
inside the bar, and the bark Sheffield is
on the bar. The brig Leghorn is high and
dry in the marsh; likewise the pilot boat
Cornelia. The steamship Galveston is
shore astern of the Ocean.
The house next to the Lighthouse, belonging
to Mr. George Osgood,
was completely washed away, and the family,
consisting of man, wife and four children,
barely escaped with their lives by securing
themselves to floating logs, the father being up
to his neck in water and holding his baby above
his head. They were rescued from a watery grave
by the crew of the Junius Beebe, the
captain of said boat receiving them in a kind
and most gentlemanly manner.
A coffeehouse and grocery belonging to the
same gentleman, in charge of his eldest son,
John, and a
man by the name of
Kennedy, was completely washed away,
and the two men are supposed to be lost.
A large flatboat, occupied by the opposition
pilots, and their lookout house, were completely
destroyed. A man belonging to the said boat was
picked up alive at 11 o’clock A.M.
To the telegraph house no particular damage
was done, except the kitchen being blown down
and the telegraph wire broken.
The Towboats Company’s lookout house was
destroyed, and the storm greatly damaged the
The Association’s lookout house was also
destroyed, and the boat sheds, with all their
boats are gone. All the outhouses and galleries
are likewise destroyed.
The flatboat belonging to
and nicely fitted up as a dwelling, was
destroyed, with all its contents – furniture
alone being valued at above $1000. Mrs. Conrad
barely escaped with her life. A new building
belonging to the same gentleman, not quite
finished, was destroyed.
splendid large house, more than half finished,
was also floated away; and lumber, shingles,
etc. ready for building, belonging to Mr.
Barton, all floated off.
The customhouse received no particular damage,
but the four water tanks belonging to it floated
Also, another house, not quite finished, near
the Customhouse, was destroyed. Two more
buildings, belonging to and occupied by
fishermen, were destroyed.
Storm and Fire At Mobile
Immense Damage to the Shipping
Three Thousand Bales of Cotton Burned
Total Loss $500,000
The severe equinoctial gale which visited
this city and vicinity on Saturday, was still
more severe at Mobile, and more disastrous to
property by far than the great gale of the 13th
of August. While at its height, also, two fires
broke out, by one of which 3,000 bales of cotton
were consumed. The total loss by the storm and
the fire is estimated at half a million of
dollars. The Register gives the following
Business throughout the day was entirely
suspended. Not a bale of cotton was sold or a
single commercial transaction has been effected.
In fact our citizens devoted themselves wholly
to the laborious work of saving their property;
and those whose interests were not imperiled
nobly came to the rescue of their less fortunate
There was a large arrival of cotton on the
wharves and in warehouses, which was seriously
damaged by the water.
The steamer Baltic, lying across the
river, caught fire about 2 o’clock. The fire was
put out by the hands on board, and but little
damage was done.
It is rumored and feared that the steamer
St. Nicholas, of
Messrs. Cox, Brainard & Co., is lost,
or seriously damaged. She is said to be blown up
on one of the wharves near Hitchcock’s Press.
The steamer John Briggs, owned by
lying at the Marine Ways, was blown across the
river, and is now four hundred yards from the
bank of the river. Everything above her boiler
deck –chimneys, cabin, etc. – is gone, and
nothing except the machinery will be saved,
which will cost as much as it is worth to save
it. The boat had been recently repaired.
The steamer Waverly, owned by the
was also blown from the Ways across into the
marsh, just above One Mile Creek; with her
chimneys down and upper works gone. She will
probably be gotten off with but little damage.
The steamer Warrior,
Capt, H. R. Johnson,
lying at one of the upper wharves, lost one of
her chimneys; a part of texas, and sustains a
damage of about $1,200.
We also learn that the salt barge of
Mr. M. Waring,
at the foot of Government street, capsized and
threw into the river about 4,000 sacks of salt.
The loss in the warehouses is said to be about
The walls of the new warehouse on Eslava
street, from Royal to Water, are blown down.
The walls of the new theatre, which were
injured by the late storm, have sustained no
The wharves are injured very much. All
articles of merchandise on them, at wood at the
wood yards, the lumber and saw logs at the
mills, have been swept away, and a very serious
loss of promiscuous articles has been sustained,
the exact amount of which we cannot learn or now
To add to the horrors of the day, at about 2
o’clock the fire bell rang out a call for the
department to subdue a fire on the south side of
Government street, just below Royal.
Fortunately, however, little or no damage was
Again, between 3 and 4 o’clock, the alarm of
fire was sounded, and it was soon ascertained
that the warehouse of
Messrs. Pomeroy & Marshall, in which
a large amount of lime was stored, was on fire.
Being surrounded on all sides by water to the
depth of several feet it was impossible to
approach the building, and the fire had to take
its course. We also learn that the fire
communicated itself to
Goodman’s warehouse, in which there
was some three thousand bales of cotton, all of
which was destroyed. By this time the water had
sufficiently receded to enable the fire engines
to approach the scene, but the drift and other
impediments rendered their labors in a great
In the City Warehouse the south wall was
blown down and several bales of cotton burned.
warehouse had a large part of the east wall
blown down, and the north gable end fell in.
The water was deep, but notwithstanding it
and other obstructions every on of the fire
companies “plunged in”, and up to the men’s
waists, worked the machines and labored like
Trojans in their contention with the fire king.
We do not remember ever before to have seen men
labor with such zeal and devoted determination.
The damage done is great, but we did not learn
to what amount as to insurance. In the absence
of facts it is idle to guess, but we hope that
matters are exaggerated and that the actual loss
will be far below the minimum of supposition.
The railroad track being submerged, of course
the Mississippi passenger train failed to arrive
– neither could the Citronelle train go up last
evening. We have every reason to believe that
the track has not been injured, and that by the
time this meets the eye of the reader that the
former trains will have arrived, and that all
needing arrangements will be made to have
everything in running order by Monday morning.
The freight was all put up on the platform cars
and is not damaged. The cotton, however, is all
Among the disastrous effects of the storm is
one which we regret being obliged to chronicle,
as we have enjoyed more than one pleasant trip
on board of the yacht Pastime. She
started out on a pleasure trip day before
yesterday, and struck by a severe squall about
two miles from land. In trying to come up into
the wind she ran against a snag and stove a
large hole in her bottom. Two of the party left
the boat and came up to the city on one of the
hatches for assistance; the others remaining
from 10 o’clock until 8 next morning, with the
water washing over them throughout the night –
fortunately no one was lost, which we understand
is due to the coolness and energy of the sailor
in charge. We would give his name, but have been
unable to learn it. Both the Crescent and
Junior came in from Point Clear and
Hollywood, but up to the time of their leaving,
the fury of the storm had not been felt.
The mail boat from New Orleans is still out,
but the probability is she anchored under some
lee shore for protection. No boats left here for
the bay or river. It is impossible to estimate
what the loss will be. We learn from reliable
authority that every merchant from Water street
down to the river has sustained a more or less
Towards night the wind veered to the southward
and in a manner lulled, but the rain still
continues to pour down in torrents. One year ago
today, Sept. 15th, our city was visited by a
similar storm. One singularity about these
storms is the total absence of lightening and
thunder, while it rains incessantly.
It is feared that a good deal of damage has
been done to the shipping in the lower bay and
along the coast. Many vessels are expected at
this season from Northern ports. We shall wait
intelligence in hope and suspense.
In Tuesday’s issue we will endeavor to give
fuller particulars. We cannot now even estimate
the loss but suppose it is not far from
The Advertiser says that not less than
10,000 bales of cotton, it is estimated, is so
damaged by exposure that it will have to be sent
to the pickeries.
The Coming of the Storm
The Tribune thus describes the coming
on of the gale:
It did not come unexpectedly, for many of the
“old inhabitants,” who always have their
“weather eye” open whenever the petrels are
flying, predicted, several days ago, that we
would soon be visited by another severe gale.
North winds prevailed at night and just before
sunrise. About noon the weather was quite warm,
and continued in this way until Friday night. At
about 11 o’clock the rain began to fall, the
wind blowing gently from the east. Very heavy
black clouds were hanging overhead, presenting a
very threatening aspect. The wind and rain
gradually increased until the storm became
alarming. The wind almost “howled,” and shifted
from the east to south, then southwest, east and
southeast and most of the time blowing at a
The Daily Picayune
Tuesday afternoon edition, September 18, 1860
Disasters of the Late Gale
Statement of Capt. Baker, of the Oregon
the well known and experienced master of the U.
S. mail steamer Oregon, which arrived this
morning from Mobile, furnishes to us the
following interesting statement of the terrible
effects of the late disastrous gale at Mobile,
and all along the Gulf and Lake shore.
The gale was very severe in Mobile, and a
number of river steamers were driven high on
shore and so far up that it would cost more than
they are worth to get them off. Among them was
the little Arrow, which however, was left in a
good position to be launched. The Florida
rode the gale out at anchor and reports a
providential escape from a whirlwind precisely
like a water spout.
The ship Dixie,
Capt. Dixie, from New York, ran
inside the bar, and was forced to anchor, but
had not distance enough to run much cable, and
struck on the west side, and soon went to
pieces. All hands except the mate, pilot, and
three men, were lost. Capt. Dixie’s body was
found lashed to a piece of the wreck, and taken
to Mobile for interment.
The ship American Union lay outside Mobile
Point during the hurricane, and rode it out,
with 150 fathoms of chain.
The ship Sandusky got inside, but
finding she could not fetch the anchorage,
tacked about and stood off to sea again, and no
doubt is all right.
The Oregon had the worst of the gale
at the Pier, but received but little damage,
which was all repaired in four hours in Mobile.
After she left the pier, she behaved finely in
the lake, although the sea was very high. In the
Rigolets she came to anchor, and laid fine until
11:30 P.M., when we proceeded on our course,
arriving at Mobile the 16th, at 11 A M.
The wharf at Pascagoula has nothing whatever
left but the timbers. The house and plank are
all gone. The houses west of the hotel were also
undermined; Grant’s Island is pretty well washed
away; Beacon’s also, and from the lighthouse on
Choctaw Point to Mobile is but a scene of ruins.
I heard from a passenger that the keeper of
the lighthouse on Round Island lost everything
he had, and only saved his life and those of his
wife and six children by taking refuge in the
lighthouse. His own house was washed away, and
everything he had in the world went with it –
cattle and all.
There is no light on Cat Island, and the
presumption is that the lighthouse is wholly
The lighthouse at Pass Christian is all
right, being built on iron piles screwed into
the ground. Teagarden’s Hotel, I heard, was gone
– blown down.
The Oregon did not stop on this coast,
as we knew nothing of the state of the wharves,
and the steamer might have received injury
without being able to get the passengers on
It was also reported that Ship Island Fort
had washed away, but that is not so. The light
is still there.
From Mr. Secon,
of Mobile, I learned that the schooner
Independence, of Mobile, was lost on Ship
Island. The crew were all saved. She was
employed getting the lumber out of the English
ship lost in the former hurricane. The ship was
driven into seven feet water, and is in a better
position to save the cargo than before.
He also informed me that two water casks and
a blanket, marked “Cuba” had come ashore, but it
was not known to what vessel they belonged.
Biloxi suffered very severely during the
gale. The lighthouse was completely undermined
and is ready to fall. Teagarden’s hotel was
blown down and the wharf destroyed. Barnes also
suffered severely and finally had to get a
lugger to take him to Pascagoula.
The Late Gale at Mobile
Further Particulars of the Disaster
The Mobile Mercury, of Monday morning,
comes to us with still further particulars of
the late disastrous storm in that city and
vicinity. It says:
We have been placed in possession of the
approximate loss of some of the companies, but
reserve remark for further inquiry. We have
heard the aggregate loss estimated at half a
million. We think the true mark somewhere
between a quarter and a half million.
Men were at work all day yesterday picking up
cotton and taking it out of the water. We saw a
hundred bales that had been rafted together
yesterday evening, and hauled into the slip at
the city warehouse, which men were busy taking
out. Some, of course, has been carried entirely
A gentleman has just handed us the following
Amount of cotton burned in Goodman’s warehouse,
Sept. 15, 1860, less amount saved in damaged
Planter’s cotton ……………………..3,110
Ship marked ………… .............+.55
Less amt saved in damaged state…….-.365
The hull of the old Ambassador, used
by M. Warring
as a salt boat, sunk at the foot of
Government street, with 4,000 sacks of salt.
Five steamboats are totally lost, except what
may be saved of their machinery and other
movable articles of value. Yesterday being
Sunday, it was difficult for reporters to find
men in their places to get any information, of
any sort, concerning the flood, and consequently
we know not how far these losses are covered by
Capt. Geo. Blakesley
went down the bay yesterday morning
in the Swan, returning yesterday evening.
He reports all right down there. The ship
Dicksey had come inside Sand Island Friday
evening, and not having been seen since, is
believed to have put to sea again.
The masts of a small schooner are seen
sticking up out of the water a little down the
river from Dauphin, as seen by our reporter.
Upon inquiry, we were told she belonged to New
Orleans, and had nothing aboard of much value.
She went down in the height of the gale
yesterday. No one lost. We learn at a later
hour, that she is the water boat Globe.
The principal wharves all along the front are
more or less injured. The upheaving of the waves
had raised them in places, and the piles are
said to have been drawn up by its force, giving
their surface an equal appearance. Their
coverings of plank have been displaced in some
places, as also the sills upon which they were
Water street, below Government, is completely
chocked up with logs, drift wood and the broken
up wharves along that part of the front. In one
place, an oyster boat was carried and lodged in
the centre of that street.
The Gale at Point Clear
By the arrival of the Crescent last
evening, we had news from Point Clear. The water
rose up to the sills of the main building at
Point Clear, and flowed under the house. The
whole south wharf was carried away, leaving not
a wreck behind. The only place left for landing
is at Battle’s wharf.
The second cook of the hotel, with two
companions, got a sailboat on Friday night, and
just before starting, bought a bottle of
whiskey, saying that, as there was a fresh
breeze, he was going to see how quick time could
be made around the stake and back. Not one of
the crew, not any vestige of the boat, has been
seen or heard of since.
An Incident of the Storm
Last Friday evening, several young gentlemen,
Messrs. Stanley Bell
and Walter Weaver, of Mobile,
Gabe Buchanan, of Aberdeen, Miss. and
of Okolona, started on the yacht Pastime
on a pleasure excursion to Point Clear. They had
proceeded about twelve miles when the lively
breeze under which they had been sailing
stiffened a gale. The two sailors, who made up
the crew, prophesied a big blow, and according
to their advice, the vessel was turned about to
retrace her course. About two and a half miles
from Choctaw Point which rushing at the rate of
fifteen miles an hour, the yacht struck a beacon
light pile and stove in her bow. She rapidly
filled, and in a short time sunk in twenty feet
water. The hatches were secured, and each man
held them with one hand and with the other clung
to the rigging. The storm increased its fury and
the foaming billows at every surge swept over
the unfortunate excursionist. In a short time
Mr. Bell and
one of the sailors concluded to try to reach the
shore. Taking a hatch lid, three feet by six,
they began their perilous voyage, and after two
hours hard struggling, accomplished their
object. Night dragged its slow length along, but
daylight brought no prospect of rescue, and the
strength of those remaining with the wreck was
well nigh exhausted. Seven or eight hours spent
in clinging to ropes and bits of plank, and
being exposed to a fierce storm, raging sea and
a cold, beating rain is enough to exhaust the
fortitude of the most enduring. After waiting in
vain for some sign of relief,
Major Richardson and the other sailor
also took a hatch lid as a buoy, and started for
the lighthouse, distant some one and a half
miles. This was deemed a hopeless venture, in
the exhausted condition of the parties, but fate
and tide were propitious, and they had nearly
reached their destination when the propeller
Keys, came along and took them on
board. The Neaffie then went for
Messrs. Weaver and
Buchanan, who had stayed with the
wreck. The young men lost many valuables in the
way of watches, money, etc.
Capt, Keys, deserves the highest
credit for his prompt and vigorous action in
rescuing a number of his fellow-beings from a
watery grave. We learn it is the intention of
the young gentlemen to present to Capt. Keys
some suitable testimonial of their gratitude.
We have not heard of a solitary instance of
loss of human life about the city. Somebody had
a camel which unfortunately got drowned down on
Royal, below Madison.
The Storm Up the Country
The Taney arrived last evening, having
laid up at Gindrat’s landing Saturday night. She
reports rain from Selma down, with considerable
wind, but the last nothing like we had here.
The Rescue also arrived yesterday evening,
from the Bigbee. She met the storm at
Wood’s Bluff, and reports heavy rains, with high
winds, calculated to do serious injury to the
The Saturday down train met rain at Scooba,
which increased all the way, without noticeable
heavy wind. The train laid by at Whistler, and
came in yesterday morning.
We have ascertained the exact height of the
water here at Mobile, as compared with August
’52, to be 16 ½ inches less.
The Daily Picayune
Wednesday morning, September 19, 1860
Letter from Plaquemines
[Correspondence of the Picayune]
Parish of Plaquemines Sept. 17, 1860
From Friday night until noon on Saturday last
the wind blew a perfect hurricane over this
parish. The rain fell in torrents; but happily
the waters of the sea did not rise at
Pointe-a-la-Hache nor at Grand Prairie. It is
rumored here that the village at Pass-a-l’Outre
was completely inundated, all the houses swept
away, and several lives lost. Near the Salt
Works, a Frenchman by the name of
Claude, and his
family, were drowned - so it is reported in the
upper part of this community. The cane fields,
of course, are prostrated to the ground all over
this locality, trees uprooted, fences blown
After careful inquiries, I have arrived at
the conclusion that no less than 4000 or 5000
barrels of superior rice will be shipped to your
market this season. While on this subject, allow
me to recommend to your grocers, and others
filling country orders, my young friend
who keeps his office at
store, No. 123 Old Levee street, between St.
Louis and Toulouse. Though Mr. Martin commenced
business a few months ago, he already receives
on commission three-fourths of the rice raised
in this parish. Mr. Martin is an active, honest,
affable and gentlemanly young man, well
acquainted with his branch of business. Your
grocers will always buy cheaper from him than
from any of the down town rice dealers, as he
receives the rice directly from the farmers. Let
them try him.
P. S. – I learn at this moment that, at the
foot of the back levee at Pointe-a-la-Hache, the
waters of the river rose about two feet, and in
the vicinity of Grand Prairie about two and a
half, but little or no damage was done
The Late Destructive Gale
Disasters at the Passes and Along the Coast
Mr. Jas. Burrows,
the clerk of the steamer Ranger, is kind
enough to furnish to us the following
interesting intelligence of the late disasters
to shipping at the Passes and along the coast,
which have been attended by such a fearful loss
On Monday morning, at 3 o’clock, we arrived at
the Southwest Pass, and were informed there that
the Association pilot boat Nelson had
been blown off the bar, and had not since been
heard of. Mr. Luke
Samuel Hill were the pilots on board
of her, with one cook and two men.
On arriving at Pass a l’Outre we found all
the out houses gone and
wharf considerably damaged. The following
gentlemen were also erecting houses between the
Association and Mrs.
Mr. Lavine, pilot;
pilot; Mr. Burton,
pilot. All the houses of these gentlemen
would have soon been completed, but now not a
vestige of either is to be seen. The Pilot
Association lost their men’s house, look-out,
boat house, and two boats.
Mr. John Conrad
lost his flatboat, which he used as a temporary
residence, without having time to save scarcely
The telegraph house also sustained severe
damage. Mr. Charles
Osgood lost both his houses and also
a child. Capt. McKenny
was carried away with the house and is supposed
to be lost.
is supposed to be lost.
known as Little Tom, is also missing;
John Ankerman likewise.
The bark Sheffield is here on the bar.
The ship Galena is also ashore inside. The
schooner Galveston is likewise ashore.
The brig Leghorn, of Pensacola, is high
in the marsh; also the tow boats St. Charles
and Ocean. The steamship Galveston
was pulled off yesterday by the tow boats
Millaudon and Baltic. The pilot boat
Cornelia is badly on shore.
At 7 P.M., three miles below Rosalba Place,
we took on board a passenger very weak, who
stated that he belonged to a camp of fishermen,
thirty-four in number. The first indication of a
storm on Friday at their camp was a heavy squall
that lasted about half an hour, and caused the
water to rise one foot and a half. It then
moderated, but in about two hours after the
first, a second squall came up much more severe
than the first, carrying everything before it.
This passenger took to his skiff. A number of
others took to a lugger, called the Lookout, but
were capsized, and it is supposed the greater
portion of the men were lost, as only three had
arrived at Rosalba Place.
I learn, also, of the loss of the entire
family of Mr. Gay,
who resided on the prairie, a little above
Rosalba Place. It appears that, abandoning his
house when the storm came on, and the advancing
water made it no longer tenable, he took refuge
with his family on board a lugger, which soon
capsized, and himself, his wife and daughter
about 11 years of age, with a little negro boy,
all found a watery grave. Their bodies have
since been recovered and given a Christian
In fact the storm was much more severe at the
Passes, and along the coast immediately above,
than that of the 11th of August. Above the forts
I hear of no damage whatever.
The Gale at Pascagoula
We have received from passengers, arrived
yesterday, some further particulars concerning
the effects of the late storm at East
Pascagoula; they are as fearful as those that
have reached up from other points on the lake.
The storm was first felt at East Pascagoula
toward 12 o’clock Friday night, and lasted until
Saturday night at 10 o’clock, making 22 hours of
suffering for the greater number of the
inhabitants. The wind blew with increased fury
and the water in the bay rose to an uncommon
height, dashing furiously over the sandy beach
and flooding the whole town.
The action of the waves broke up the beach
for a distance of three miles and undermined the
foundations of the buildings fronting on the
bay. Some six or eight tumbled down, the inmates
having barely time to escape. Among the persons
whose property was destroyed, we learn the names
of Messrs. Blanc,
Maurice (lost several houses that
were rented out) and
Spehrmberg. The latter gentleman and
his family experienced the most cruel
sufferings; they had to wade through the water a
distance of two miles and a half, Mr. Spehrmberg
carrying two of his children on his back. Mrs.
S. was enceinte, and upon reaching a
place of safety she was delivered of a dead
child. She was still lying in the most critical
Mr. Anton, in the employ of
Government as keeper of the barracks, was very
near losing his life. His house, a new building
not quite finished, was washed away. A
carpenter, name unknown, who was in the house at
the time, is missing, and was undoubtedly
crushed beneath the ruins.
keeper of the lighthouse on Round Island, lost
everything. His house and contents were washed
away, and he remained with his family on the
island, without food or shelter, until Monday,
when they were rescued. The Government buildings
are all gone.
The wharf at Pascagoula is entirely
destroyed, and the whole beach from Bayou
Caussot to Capt. Grant’s
residence, is broken up. For several miles in
the interior, the cattle were swept off and
drowned. At Mr. Auld’s
place, on the bayou, known as the Ducayet
property, the cattle suffered considerably, and
a large number were found dead.
During this fearful gale, the water rose
three feet higher than it was ever known in any
storm since the great disaster in 1819.
It is estimated that $40,000 would scarcely
cover the loss suffered in this dreadful
calamity. Not only have persons of means lost
heavily, but families in reduced circumstances
have been left destitute of even the common
necessities of life. Subscriptions have been
raised in Pascagoula by many who generously
forget their own disasters to see only the
greater suffering of their poor neighbors. It is
hoped that some of the generous citizens of New
Orelans [sic] will do something to relieve the
pressing wants of these poor people.
postmaster at East Pascagoula, is authorized to
Wednesday morning, September 19, 1860
Loss at Pass a l’Outré –
Capt. Riley Knight,
who arrived in the city this morning from
the Pass, informs us that ten lives were lost
there in the late gale. The names of the victims
are Capt. Gay,
with four of his family. The name of the other
Capt. Knight says that the suffering at the Pass
was very great. Capt. Knight loses his all. Most
of the inhabitants were for hours in water up to
their necks. It is a wonder that so few were
Loss of the Ship Richard H. Dixey, of
Boston – Loss of Life- We learn from a letter,
received this morning from Mobile by
Messrs Creevy and Farwell,
that the ship Richard H. Dixey,
from New York for Mobile, was blown ashore at
the lower bar of Mobile bay, during the late
gale, and is a total loss. Capt. Dixey, together
with many of the ship’s crew, were lost, seven
of the number escaping from a watery grave.
Nancy. Thank you, Nancy!
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