St. Petersburg, FL Civil Air Patrol Pilot and 3 CAP Cadets Die in Crash of Overloaded CAP Cessna 172P, Aug 1989

ST. PETERSBURG, Fla. -- A Civil Air Patrol pilot and three teenage junior cadets were killed when their single-engine plane plunged into the Gulf of Mexico about 3 miles off St. Petersburg Beach, authorities said.

Boaters in the area rushed to the crash site Sunday, August 13, 1989, and tried to dive in after the plane, a four-seater Cessna 172, but it had sunk 25 feet below the murky depths and was upside-down, witnesses said.

Divers later found all four passengers dead, still strapped in their seats inside the plane.

Killed in the crash were senior pilot Eugene Wayne McKnight, 43, of Seminole, and cadets Joseph Flythe, 17, of Clearwater, Shawn Kelley, 19, of St. Petersburg and Damion Weber, 15, of Seminole.

Coast Guard and Civil Air Patrol officials were at a loss to explain the crash. The National Transportation Safety Board was scheduled to begin its investigation Monday after a commercial salvage vessel hauls the plane out of the Gulf, said Coast Guard Petty Officer Keith Scally.

Autopsies will be performed on the victims to determine the cause of death, the Coast Guard said.

McKnight and his charges had taken off about 1:30 p.m. Sunday from Albert Whitted Airport in St. Petersburg for a 30-minute 'familiarization' flight over Egmont Key, one of six flights the cadets must have before graduating to senior cadet, said Capt. Frank Sportell, commander of the CAP's Pinellas County squadron.

They were on their way back to Albert Whitted, where McKnight was scheduled to pick up another group of cadets including his 13-year-old son, Eric when the plane spiraled downward, Sportell said.

McKnight did not radio the airport tower of any trouble before the crash, said Sportell. His son was told by St. Petersburg Coast Guard officials of his father's death shortly after divers from Eckerd College found the plane off the coast, Scally said.

McKnight was a certified pilot with more than 250 flight hours.

'There was no doubt about his ability,' Sportell said. 'All of our pilots are highly trained. This is the first fatal accident with an airplane in memory since the Civil Air Patrol was established in 1940.'

The Civil Air Patrol is an auxiliary of the Air Force that searches for missing and downed aircraft. Members volunteer their time and planes to participate in searches. Cadets, who range in age from 13 to 21, help in ground searches and can qualify to be observers aboard aircraft searching for downed aircraft.

Transportation and Safety Board Synopsis - http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_...

Narrative:
THE ACFT WAS BEING USED TO DEMONSTRATE FLT CHARACTERISTICS TO CAP CADETS. DRG AN OFF-SHORE FLT OVER THE GULF OF MEXICO, THE ACFT ENTERED A DESCENT & CRASHED APRX 3 MI FROM LAND. A WITNESS, WHO SAW THE ACFT JUST BEFORE IMPACT, RPRTD THAT IT WAS SPINNING IN A NOSE DOWN ATTITUDE. THE ACFT SANK ALMOST IMMEDIATELY IN 28 FT OF WATER. NO PREIMPACT PART FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION OF THE ACFT WAS FOUND. A CHECK OF THE WEIGHT & BALANCE INFO SHOWED THE ACFT HAD BEEN LOADED APRX 114 LBS OVER ITS MAX WT LIMIT. RADAR DATA SHOWED THAT JUST BEFORE THE LOSS OF RADAR CONTACT, THE PLT HAD MADE TWO RAPID 180 DEG TURNS. CAUSE: FAILURE OF THE PILOT TO RECOVER FROM A STALL/SPIN. EXCESSIVE GROSS WEIGHT OF THE AIRCRAFT AND LACK OF AVAILABLE ALTITUDE FOR SPIN RECOVERY WERE PROBABLE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS.