Mount Ararat, Turkey Earthquakes, May 1935
New Quakes Raise Toll in Turkey to 2,000; Persian Dead at 500, Mt. Ararat Rumbles
ISTANBUL, May 4 — Violent earthquakes spreading death and
destruction over Turkey today were reported to have caused Mount
Ararat, the 17,000-foot Armenian peak where tradition says Noah's
Ark landed, to rumble with volcanic activity.
Reports said two more violent shocks in the series of quakes
racking the region had raised the estimated toll of dead and injured
to 2,000. About 1,600 houses were said to have been destroyed,
with twenty-five villages completely wiped out.
With virtually every house in the centre of the Digor district
demolished, the population was camping in tents, suffering intensely
from cold. The bodies of thousands of cattle littered the stricken
area, giving rise to fears of an epidemic as squads of laborers and
army detachments pressed forward with relief work.
According to reports received here, the activity of Mount
Ararat was confined to t e ejection of lava and subterranean rumbling
without any violent eruptions.
A Tass [Soviet] News Agency dispatch to Moscow quoted reports
from Teheran, Iran [Persia], saying that 500 persons had
been killed, with many injured and at least three villages destroyed
in Mazanderan Province by quakes over a period of several weeks.
Increasing the panic in the area was the unusual phenomenon
of red water rushing through fissures in the earth, some of them
said to be thirty feet wide, opened by the quakes. [The Tass dispatch
placed the centre of the quake about fifty-five miles southeast
of the town of Saki].
There are no certain historic records of eruptions of Mount
Ararat, although parasitic cones occur upon its side and it consists
chiefly of volcanic rocks.
The mountain is about equally distant from the Black Sea and
the Caspian and from the Mediterranean and the Persian Gulf, and
many traditions concerning the biblical flood surround it. The
mountain was first scaled in 1829 by Dr. Johann Jacob Parrot, a
German, and since has been ascended by a number of other climbers.
May 5, 1935 edition of The New York Times