Springhill, NS Coal Mine Explosion Disaster, Feb 1891

ANGUS McKINNON, 2nd, 51.
JOHN McKINNON, 1st, 26.
LAUGHLIN McKINNON, 23.
JOHN D. McEACHRAN, 22.
A. J. McKAY, 25.
DONALD McKAY, 2nd, 50.
WILLIAM McGILVERY, 2nd, 25.
WILLIAM McKEE, 45.
JOHN J. McDONALD, 42.
RORY B. McDONALD, 40.
ROBERT McFADDEN, 28.
NEIL McPHEE, 28.
CHARLES McNUTT, 24.
NEIL McLEOD, 23.
HENRY McLEOD, 18.
RORY McLEOD, 32.
NORMAN McLEOD, 29.
JOHN F. McNEIL, 32.
RODNEY C. McNEIL, 25.
JOSHUA McNEIL, 21.
NEIL S. McNEIL, 23.
DAVID McVEY, 16.
JAMES McVEY, 14.
CHARLES NASH, 27.
HENRY NASH, 24.
JOHN NAIRN, 50.
JAMES NAIRN, 20.
MALCOLM NAIRN, 21.
ROGER NOILES, 33.
MALCOLM NICHOLSON, 42.
JAMES OVERS, 25.
JOSEPH PITT, 20.
JAMES PEQUINOT, 15.
BRUCE RYAN, 14.
PHILIP ROSS, 14.
MURDOCH ROSS, 16.
PETER REID, 13.
CLIFFORD RIPLEY, 21.
THOMAS ROGERS, 21.
JAMES ROBBINS, 31.
STEPHEN RUSHTON, 31.
HUGH ROBINSON, 39.
HENRY SWIFT, 42.
ROBERT A. SHERLOCK, 45.
ARCHIBALD SHIPLEY, 35.
JAMES SHARPLES, 36.
HOWARD SIMMONDS, 17.
EDWARD SMITH, 14.
DOUGLAS TAYLOR, 16.
WILLIAM H. TURNER, 64.
JOSEPH TATTERSTAL, 45.
ALEXANDER VANCE, 35.
DAVID WATT, 17.
GEORGE WOOD, 21.
HENRY WRY, 18.
EDGAR WRY, 22.
PHILIP B. WHITE, 30.
JOHN WILLIAMS, 40.
THOMAS WILSON, 40.

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Springhill's first mining disaster, the 1891 explosion, occurred at approximately 12:30 pm on Saturday, February 21, 1891 in the Number 1 and Number 2 collieries, which were joined by a connecting tunnel at the 1,300-foot (400 m) level (below the surface) when a fire caused by accumulated coal dust swept through both shafts, killing 125 miners and injuring dozens more. Some of these people were 10 to 13 years old.

Rescue efforts throughout that afternoon and evening were made easier by the lack of fire in No. 1 and No. 2, but the scale of the disaster was unprecedented in Nova Scotian or Canadian mining history, and the subsequent relief funds saw contributions come in from across the country and the British Empire, including Her Majesty Queen Victoria.

A subsequent inquiry determined that sufficient gas detectors in working order had been present in the two collieries; however, the ignition source of the explosion was never determined, despite investigators having pinpointed its general location.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Springhill_mining_disaster